On-Set Work Safety
The same basic occupational safety regulations apply to foreign production companies shooting in South Tyrol and the rest of Italy that apply to their Italian counterparts. The rules are rigid, and the penalties are harsh. Informing oneself in advance is therefore always worthwhile.
There are specific requirements that the production company itself must meet. Some other provisions, on the other hand, are project-based and thus apply only to a particular film project and/or to the respective filming period.
Foreign companies that want to film in South Tyrol and the rest of Italy have the following options available to them:
A. The foreign production company engages an Italian production-services company, which thus takes on responsibility for on-set work safety. Production companies from abroad must, in this case, request the following documents from their service partner before filming begins:
- Confirmation of Chamber of Commerce listing
- DURC 1
- Self-declaration of the Italian (or foreign) company that it complies with the stipulations set forth in XVII del Decreto legislative 81/20082
B. The foreign production company itself meets the company-specific requirements and will comply with the necessary project-related measures from set to set:
1. Company-specific requirements:
- The employer shall appoint a RSPP (Servizio di Prevenzione e Responsabile protezione – Leader of occupational safety service). This may be either an employee of the company or an external service provider but, in either case, must be qualified to serve in this capacity after having attended a 16-hour training course.
- On behalf of the employer, the RSPP creates a VDR (Documento di valutazione dei rischi – Document on risk assessment), which in some cases also provides for the appointment of a qualified occupational physician (Medico competente).
- The employer shall appoint a First Aid Officer (Addetto al primo soccorso). This applies to companies with five or more employees. This must be a person within the company who can prove that he or she has completed the appropriate training (twelve 45-minute classes).
- Any company with five or more employees must also appoint a Fire Officer (Addetto antincendio). This is also a company staff member with specific training. Film-industry companies are certified as Ordinary Hazard (medio rischio). The corresponding training takes eight hours.
2. Project-specific requirements:
- If the set is considered from a legal standpoint to be a construction site (cantiere), which happens most cases, a CSP (Coordinatore in fase di progetto – Safety coordinator for the planning phase) and CSE (Coordinatore in fase di esecuzione – Safety coordinator for the execution phase) are appointed. These are internal or external security officers (Adetto di sicurezza) who have completed ten months of training. These experts take on a number of tasks, such as ensuring that third-party service providers observe the occupational safety regulations and creating a document in which the specific project-related risks are set forth. They are also responsible for educating everyone working on set (including volunteers) about the pre-determined risks.
1 DURC (Documento unico di Regolarita contributiva) is a summary certificate of proper contribution status, which certifies that the relevant company has no debts with a number of statutory government institutions. Specifically, these are work-accident insurance (INAIL), social security (INPS) and the construction workers’ social-security fund (Cassa Edile).
2 An Italian parliamentary act that addresses safety in the workplace.